A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye that affects vision. Most cataracts are related to aging. Cataracts are very common in older people. By age 60, more than half of all Indian patients have either developed a cataract or have had cataract surgery.
A cataract can occur in one or both the eyes. It cannot spread from one eye to the other.
A complete and detailed preoperative evaluation (Preop workup) is done before the cataract surgery. This is usually done couple of days prior to surgery.
Medical Checkup: Complete physical examination for diabetes, blood pressure, heart problems or other systemic conditions is done.
Apart from this, you will undergo several other tests prior to your surgery
IOL Master: It takes measurements that provide the power (dioptre) of the intraocular lens to be implanted
Corneal Topography: It gives an estimate about the size, shape and power of the cornea (astigmatism)
Specular Microscopy: It gives inference about the health of the cornea and function of the cells lining the cornea
Fundus Examination: It includes examination of the posterior segment of the eye i.e. the macula, the optic nerve, retina and vitreous
What is cataract and the reason for cataract?
A cataract is the clouding of the lens in your eye which causes blurred or hazy vision. Ageing is one of the most common cause for cataracts other reason may be eye injuries [Trauma] disease and long term medication of some drugs
How a cataract eye affects your vision?
Light from an object is broken up as it passes through a cloudy, discoloured lens, causing the image to be blurred and dull.
What are the Symptoms of cataract?
An early sign is increasing glare from strong sunlight or bright lights at night. This may become quite bothersome and you may notice halos around different light sources such as car headlights. Colours that are normally bright and vibrant, may appear faded and washed out-especially greens and blues. And most noticeably, your vision will become blurred and hazy, making it difficult to read small print or perform other tasks. If you experience some or all of these symptoms it is time for you to visit an ophthalmologist
Detection and diagnosis are important when a cataract is diagnosed?
Surgery is the only treatment. This involves the removal of the clouded lens and its replacement with a synthetic clear intraocular lens (IOL).The IOL is permanent and provides natural peripheral vision and good depth perception. Ophthalmologist is currently embracing surgical procedures that are done through smaller incisions. This surgical technique is called as phacoemulsification or phaco surgery
Advantages of small incision phaco surgery?
Faster visual recovery (quicker healing),less trauma to the eye, better vision, quicker return to normal activity, Better control of surgically induced astigmatism- No distorted images.
How urgent it is to get operated for cataract surgery or I can wait?
Depending upon the vision or sometimes type of cataract. If vision is low and can go within few days and if the cataract is matured then will have to get the surgery done. Your surgeons will advice you on that. Patients with low vision are move prove to accidents both inside and outside the house.
What is the life span of the IOLS used during the cataracts surgery?
This is for lifetime.
When I could be able to see clearly after the surgery?
In the most of the cases 70-80% of vision is gained on the next day n the remaining is covered with the eye drops. The vision will be bright and pretty much clear the day after surgery. Full vision will be restored gradually in a few days time. Objects may appear excessively bright & blue in colour for some days. This is because the cataract was not allowing light to reach the retina and most of the blue light was being cut off. The brain gets disused to seeing blue. All these complaints are temporary.
What does package includes?
It includes lens measurement, total surgery charges n the follow up till 1 month
How much time it takes for the surgery & when I can go home?
Surgery would take around 15-20 min n u can go home immediately After the surgery
What is other precaution after the surgery?
No head bath for 2 days, do not touch n rub n splash water on your eyes for 2 days
Don’t go near to the cooling gas for 2 days. No Need for bed rest after surgery. One can walk, eat normally, watch TV and be normal around home on the day of the surgery. One needs some protective white glasses only when outdoors. Dark glasses are not required.
Can I travel after surgery?
There is no problem in travelling even on the day after the surgery. Any amount of travel is absolutely fine provided one remembers to apply the eye drops. Timings will be given for the application of the eye drops, but an hour this way or that does not cause any problem.
How can I get more information on Cataract?
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